Malachite is a copper carbonate hydroxide mineral typically found as stalactites and botryoidal coatings on the surfaces of underground cavities. 

The mineral was given this name, of Greek origin, due to its resemblance to the leaves of the mallow plant.

Malachite Specimen

When this material is cut into slabs and pieces, the cut surfaces often exhibit concentric banding. 


Malachite is found worldwide and archaeological evidence indicates that the mineral has been mined to obtain copper all across the world for over 3,000 years.

Malachite was extensively mined at the Great Orme Mines (Pictured below) in Britain during the Neolithic period, using stone and bone tools.

Malachite’s rich green color does not fade over time or when exposed to light, which along with its ability to be easily ground to a powder, made malachite a preferred pigment and coloring agent for thousands of years.

Malachite is found worldwide including Democratic Republic of Congo, Australia, France, Israel and the Southwest of the United States.

share :
Previous Article Next Article
translation missing: